|------ Original Message
Sent: Saturday, November 20, 2004 1:28
Subject: Fw: FREE SPEECH AND THE PENTAGON'S
----- Original Message
Sent: Friday, November 19, 2004 11:52 PM
Subject: FREE SPEECH AND THE PENTAGON'S
THIS IS A UPI
STORY - SEE ALSO: http://www.vheadline.com/readnews.asp?id=3004
THE WEB: PENTAGON'S PRIVATE INTERNET
By Gene J.
17 (UPI) -- The Pentagon has begun a massive program -- whose budget
dwarfs the Manhattan Project to build the first atomic bomb -- to install
its own encrypted, private computer network designed to connect every HumVee,
helicopter and human in the military.
Called the Global
Information Grid, or GIG, the Pentagon is budgeting approximately $200
billion on the network-centric warfare project over the coming decade,
which is intended to give soldiers and sailors bandwidth on the battlefield
powerful enough to download three full-length motion pictures in a few
"The old way
of making war does not work anymore," said Wolfgang Gentzsch, managing
director for grid computing at MCNC, a computer research firm in Research
Triangle Park, N.C.
"In Iraq, the
opposition is working in cells -- they are distributed," Gentzsch told
UPI's The Web. "But our troops are operating in a centralized fashion.
The answer is a distributed infrastructure of many kinds of resources --
computers, storage, networks and sensors. This will make the soldiers on
the edge as independent, flexible, and intelligent as possible."
month, contractors announced they had completed the initial operational
capacity tests for the new network for the Defense Information Systems
Agency. Juniper Networks Inc., of Sunnyvale, Calif., working through prime
contractor Science Applications International Corp. of San Diego, completed
installation of Internet-protocol routing platforms at one of the six planned
GIG hub sites.
milestone on budget and on schedule demonstrates that our vendors are successfully
supporting the DoD's goal of leveraging information technology to more
efficiently network our troops with operations," Lt. Gen. Harry D. Raudege,
director of DISA, said in a statement.
Thus far, vendors
told The Web, between 80 and 90 sites around the globe have been connected
to the GIG, a fiber-optic cable-based network with up to 10 Gigabits per
second connectivity. In the future, that could be expanded dramatically
-- to 40 Gbps.
a principal engineer with BBN Technologies, a networking firm in Cambridge,
Mass., said work has been going on for the GIG for several years behind
- " IT IS JUST COMING TO
LIGHT NOW," HE SAID,
"BUT THE SCALE OF THIS IS QUITE STAGGERING."
Much of the
project is shrouded in secrecy. In fact, one contractor, SI International
of Reston, Va., would not comment on the record for the story, even after
UPI agreed to submit questions in advance. What is known has been disclosed
through contracts announced by the Pentagon and its vendors.
- " WE ARE UNDER NON-DISCLOSURE
AGREEMENT," ELLIOTT SAID, "BUT THERE IS PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT CERTAIN
ASPECTS OF THE PROJECT."
He said year
ago, BBN helped create the Internet -- at the time known as the Defense
Advanced Research Projects Network, or DARPA-Net, also for the Pentagon.
told The Web there are four main components to the GIG: a fiber optic network
connecting sites, such as buildings, around the globe; a satellite system
to relay high-speed connectivity and satellite imagery to troops in the
field; a radio network,, and a bevy of next-generation encryption devices
to keep all communications secure.
"We're very actively
in the building stage right now," Elliott said.
Some of the hardware
being used is known publicly. For example, the Pentagon is using M and
T series routing platforms from Juniper, technologies that integrate easily
with high-performance routers, firewalls, Frame/ATM switches, virtual private
network appliances, packet shapers and traffic monitoring and analysis
Many of the technologies
are commercial off-the-shelf products used by commercial companies, vendors
sake, the government didn't lay all of their own fiber," Marty Schulman,
chief technologist at Juniper's federal division in Herndon, Va., told
The Web. "They do use the same cable bundles that carry commercial telephone
traffic, but we are not privy to the details with interconnections with
other systems. I would expect that any exchange points with commercial
Internet take place at a limited number of well-managed, well-guarded points,
but nobody would want to see lots of the details of this disclosed."
Just as the
Internet revolutionized computing and society decades after its initial
debut, so too will this network offer commercial spin-offs in the coming
years that are not yet even imagined.
the new Pentagon Internet is a prime example of what is called in the computing
community "grid computing," which is the latest, most advanced stage of
Rather than using
a network to bring information back to a centralized location, the Pentagon,
or a battlefield commander's office, sensors can be used to capture data
in the field and analyze it over the network, enabling the soldiers themselves
to make the decision.
"This is part
of the trend of going away from the supercomputer and towards delivering
computing in every cell -- through sensors," said Gentzsch. "There are
sensor fields out there, and, very soon, computing data and intelligence
will be resident in them to do part of the job."
with sensors in the field, could even help reduce human error in tactical
decision making during combat.
"The only one
who benefited from centralization was the general," Gentzsch said, "but
human faults and attitudes can overload one when decision making time comes."
The network could
become so advanced one day that sensors might even be incorporated into
soldiers' clothing, so if they are wounded, their blood pressure, blood
loss, and other vital signs can be wired to a doctor -- perhaps hundreds
or thousands of miles away -- who can direct medics as to how to deal with
the trauma, immediately, Gentzsch said.
will help solve more complex problems and challenges than in the past,"
he added. "It will create a permanent feedback loop where we will be in
constant contact with the tools we create."
The Web is a
weekly series by UPI examining the global telecommunications phenomenon
known as the World Wide Web. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
2004 United Press
International - URL.: http://tinyurl.com/6cdlz
Editor : Henk Ruyssenaars
The Dutch author has this
far worked abroad for 4 decades for international media, as a foreign correspondent,
of which 10 years - also during Gulf War I - in the Arab World and the
Seeing worldwide that every
bullet and every bomb breeds more terrorism !
( US Senator Hollings agrees:http://tinyurl.com/2ylmv
"If you are not offending
people who ought to be offended, you're doing something wrong."
Help the troops come home
! We need them badly to fight
our 'governments': http://www.bringthemhomenow.org/
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